Disease factsheets

disease illustration

Nowadays, several diseases can be prevented by vaccination. Thanks to vaccination, people can be protected against diseases that could have serious consequences for their health. Vaccination also reduces the risk of spreading the diseases among family members, school mates or colleagues, friends and neighbours, as well as to other people in the community. Research is ongoing to develop vaccines against more diseases.

To learn more about the diseases that can be prevented by vaccination, consult the factsheets available below. Each factsheet provides key facts about a disease, with an overview of the symptoms, complications, how the disease spreads, who is at risk, how the disease can be prevented and how it can be treated.

Factsheets of five vaccine- preventable diseases are currently available. More factsheets will be included at a later stage.

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a viral infection that is mainly sexually transmitted by direct contact...


Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by infection with an influenza virus. In Europe, influenza occurs...


Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that can be contracted at any age, and that can spread widely.


Pertussis is a highly infectious bacterial disease involving the lungs and airways. It is also known as whooping cough.


Rubella (German measles) is a viral infection. In healthy individuals it is usually a mild disease.

Note: The information contained in these factsheets is intended for the purpose of general information and should not be used as a substitute for the individual expertise and judgement of a healthcare professional.

Page last updated 13 Mar 2020