When to vaccinate

Vaccines protect people during different stages of life. Vaccines are recommended for different age groups, often for infants and children, but also for teenagers, adults and elderly people.

National vaccination schedules in EU/EEA countries recommend vaccines at specific ages and for specific populations. They also provide recommendations for people with chronic diseases. In some countries such recommendations are done at state or regional level. 

Healthcare professionals (e.g. doctors, nurses) have a role in ensuring that patients in their care receive the recommended vaccines at the right time.  

Some vaccines are not part of routine vaccination schedules but are targeted at specific groups. For example, people who travel to regions where certain infectious diseases circulate such as yellow fever and typhoid fever may need to have vaccinations. Some countries require proof of certain vaccinations before granting entry to the country.

Vaccination schedules in the EU/EEA

Each EU/EEA country is responsible for its own national public health policy, including...

Mandatory or recommended vaccination

Each EU/EEA country implements its own immunisation programme.

Catch-up vaccination and boosters

Some people may have missed a vaccination or did not get the recommended number of doses.

When to avoid vaccination

A vaccine may be contraindicated for certain people, meaning they should not receive it.

Page last updated 13 Mar 2020